How does ITIL relate to ITSM?
ITIL is often mentioned in the same breath as ITSM, short for Information Technology Service Management. When you’re looking to improve your services, it’s important to realize you’re not facing a choice between either ITIL or ITSM.
It is one of the existing frameworks that offer best practices on what to do as an organization when you implement ITSM. And ITSM is all about how your organization manages the IT services you deliver to your customers. Want to learn more? Read about TOPdesk’s take on ITSM.
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ITIL V3 – the five lifecycle stages
ITIL V3 was introduced in 2011. In this latest iteration, the framework consists of five lifecycle stages. These stages are split up into multiple processes relying on service principles, processes, roles and performance measures.
The five lifecycle stages are:
- Service Strategy: focuses on defining your organization’s strategy to serve customers, and how to maintain and implement that strategy. The goal of this lifecycle stage is to make your organization think and act in a strategic manner.
- Service Design: focuses on converting the Service Strategy into reality, by designing and developing new service offerings, or improving your organization’s existing offerings.
- Service Transition: focuses on bringing together all assets within a service and ensuring these are integrated and tested. Also focuses on the quality of a new or changed service before it becomes operational.
- Service Operation: focuses on ensuring that there are robust best practices that support responsive services. For instance, Incident Management and your organization’s service desk are part of this stage.
- Continual Service Improvement: focuses on improving the effectiveness and efficiency of your organization’s IT processes and services. Basically, this lifecycle stage continuously improves the other four stages.
Six guidelines for successfully implementing ITIL
TOPdesk believes that you should apply the parts of ITIL that help your organization offer better services.
Keep the following six guidelines in mind when applying the framework in your organization:
- Realize ITIL is a theory, not a goal in itself. It is a theoretical framework, not a best practice. It’s a means to an end.
- Start from your daily practice. Use a concrete problem when applying the stages and processes. Don’t start from the theories themselves.
- Give your employees the knowledge they need. Because ITIL V3 is much more comprehensive than V2, it’s no longer worth sending your organization’s employees to a complete Foundation training.
- Dare to choose. Which processes do you need and, more importantly, in which order do you want to use them?
- Don’t overestimate your organization’s maturity. In some organizations, basic call or change management workflows can still be improved. It’s better to focus on that, instead of implementing ITIL as soon as possible.
- Low priorities don’t mean a process isn’t important. Some processes, such as setting up a Service Catalogue, aren’t prioritized highly in the Service Design lifecycle phase. This doesn’t mean a Service Catalogue isn’t important.